In 1989, a widespread armed insurgency started in Kashmir, which continues to this day. India contends that this was largely started by the large number of Afghan mujahideen who entered the Kashmir valley following the end of the Soviet Afghan war.
India claims local insurgents are Islamic terrorist groups from Pakistan-administered Kashmir and Afghanistan, fighting to make Jammu and Kashmir part of Pakistan. It believes Pakistan is giving armed help to the terrorists, and training them in Pakistan. It also says the terrorists have been killing many citizens in Kashmir, and committing human rights violations, while denying that its own armed forces are responsible for the human rights abuses.
The Pakistani government calls these insurgents, Kashmiri freedom fighters, and claims that it gives only moral and diplomatic support to these insurgents, though India believes they are Pakistan-supported terrorists from Pakistan Administered Kashmir.
Despite this Kashmir is beautiful and engaging. Srinagar circles Lake Dal and the haunting shadows and light of the city hide the daily struggle for freedom going on at a political level.
A baker taking a break in Srinagar, Kashmir.