Mary F. Calvert
"POLIO'S LINE IN THE SAND"
Josephine Kamara, lower left, in black, the UNICEF officer in charge of social mobilization for the polio vaccine campaign, vaccinates the baby of a women who refused to vaccinate the six children under five in her care in a compound near Kano. The woman tries to pull a child away after Kamara told the woman that she could call the police but Kamara would vaccinate the children anyway. Polio vaccinators fanned out across the Fagge Government Area, in Ward Kwciri, looking for children under the age of five on day one of the Immunization Plus Day, (IPD) sponsored by UNICEF around Kano, Nigeria. Religious zealotry and misinformation have coerced villagers in the Muslim north of Nigeria into refusing polio vaccinations and led to the reemergence of polio only a few years after it nearly joined smallpox on the IDC‚Äôs list of eradicated diseases.